These and other non-communicable diseases (NCD) are preventable or highly manageable, please tick and press vote and read on.
In the Philippines, 170,000 Filipinos die from cardiovascular diseases annually, up from 85,000 more than 20 years ago and that the diseases of the heart and the vascular system have remained the top two causes of death in the country since 1993.
These same diseases are the major killers worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO), estimated that 68% of the 56 million deaths globally in 2012 were caused by non-communicable diseases (NCDs.)
Of the NCDs, cardiovascular disease was the overwhelming killer that took the lives of 17.5 million people, or 3 of every 10 deaths. Ischaemic heart disease killed 7.4 million people and stroke killed 7.4 million people.
Communicable or infectious diseases, maternal, neonatal and nutrition related conditions were responsible for 23% of the worldwide deaths, while fatalities from injuries represented 9%.
The 2012 report is the most current estimates on NCD mortality in 194 countries.To truly appreciate this graph, please read: The Burden of Disease and the Changing Task of Medicine, David S. Jones, M.D., Ph.D., Scott H. Podolsky, M.D., and Jeremy A. Greene, M.D., Ph.D.N Engl J Med 2012; 366:2333-2338 June 21, 2012 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1113569. Copyright © 2015 Massachusetts Medical Society. Reprinted with permission from Massachusetts Medical Society.
With the NCDs now the top killers, the health care system will need to redraw the battlegrounds and rewrite the rules of engagement to tackle the new challenges.
The first good news is that NCDs are highly preventable and manageable when the diseases had already struck.
The second good news is that preventive and management measures are readily available and generally inexpensive.
The WHO recommends effective measures, some of which are listed below.
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Stop smoking
- Do regular exercise
- Reduce salt/sodium intake
- Reduce sugar consumption
- Stop consumption of transfat
- Control blood pressure
- Have access to effective and inexpensive medicine
In short, say goodbye to junk habits and junk foods.